Bundesliga spiele pro saison
Juli Die DFL hat den Spielplan für die Bundesliga-Saison /19 veröffentlicht. Hier finden Sie alle Spieltage im Überblick. 4. Apr. an jedem spieltag gibt es 9 spiele. also 34 mal 9 = spiele insgesamt. Unser Special verrät, welcher Sender was zeigt: Bundesliga live - So sehen Sie die Wer mehr als die drei genannten Spiele pro Saison sehen möchte, muss.
If two clubs are still tied after all of these tie-breakers have been applied, a single match is held at a neutral site to determine the placement. However, this has never been necessary in the history of the Bundesliga.
In terms of team selection, matchday squads must have no more than five non-EU representatives. Seven substitutes are permitted to be selected, from which three can be used in the duration of the game.
That year it was the only European football league where clubs collectively made a profit. The Bundesliga has the lowest ticket prices and the highest average attendance out of Europe's five major leagues.
By contrast, in the other major European leagues, numerous high-profile teams have come under ownership of foreign billionaires, and a significant number of clubs have high levels of debt.
In the cases of Bayer Leverkusen and Wolfsburg, the clubs were founded by major corporations respectively Bayer AG and Volkswagen as sports clubs for their employees, while Hoffenheim has long received its primary support from SAP co-founder Dietmar Hopp , who played in the club's youth system.
After the German Football Association and the Bundesliga mandated that all clubs run a youth academy , with the aim of bolstering the stream of local talent for the club and national team.
This allows more money to be spent on the players that are bought, and there is a greater chance to buy better instead of average players. In the first decade of the third millennium s , the Bundesliga was regarded as competitive, as five teams have won the league title.
At the end of each season, clubs in the Bundesliga must apply to the German Football Federation DFB for a licence to participate again the following year; only when the DFB, who have access to all transfer documents and accounts, are satisfied that there is no threat of insolvency do they give approval.
In addition, no individual is allowed to own more than 49 percent of any Bundesliga club, the only exceptions being VfL Wolfsburg , Bayer Leverkusen and current Regionalliga Nordost member FC Carl Zeiss Jena should they ever be promoted to the Bundesliga as they were each founded as factory teams.
Despite the good economic governance, there have still been some instances of clubs getting into difficulties.
In subsequent years, the club went through extensive restructuring to return to financial health, largely with young home-grown players.
Based on its per-game average, the Bundesliga is the best-attended association football league in the world; out of all sports, its average of 45, fans per game during the —12 season was the second highest of any professional sports league worldwide, behind only the National Football League of the United States.
Out of Europe's five major football leagues Premier League , La Liga , Ligue 1 , and Serie A , the Bundesliga has the lowest ticket prices and the highest average attendance.
Many club stadia have large terraced areas for standing fans by comparison, stadia in the English Premier League are all-seaters due to the Taylor Report.
Match tickets often double as free rail passes which encourages supporters to travel and celebrate in a relaxed atmosphere. According to Bundesliga chief executive Christian Seifert , tickets are inexpensive especially for standing room as "It is not in the clubs' culture so much [to raise prices].
They are very fan orientated". Football has got to be for everybody. The spectator figures for league for the last eleven seasons:. The Bundesliga broadcast rights are sold along with the broadcast rights to the Bundesliga Relegation Playoffs, 2.
Three Friday night matches — the openers of the first and second halves of the season, and on the final matchday before the winter break — are broadcast to all Germans on ZDF.
Radio coverage includes the national Konferenz whip-around coverage on the stations of ARD and full match coverage on local radio stations.
The Bundesliga is broadcast on TV in over countries. In October , 21st Century Fox , via the Fox Sports , Fox International Channels , and Sky plc divisions, acquired television and digital rights to the Bundesliga in 80 territories, including North America and Asia outside of India and Oceania for five years, and selected European territories for two years, beginning in the —16 season.
CEO James Murdoch explained that the deal was designed to "leverage our unrivaled global portfolio of sports channels to bolster the Bundesliga brand in every corner of the globe.
Spanish-language telecasts air on Fox Deportes. Matches stream online for subscribers to these channels on participating providers via Fox Sports Go , and are also available through the subscription service Fox Soccer Match Pass.
ITV4 broadcasts delayed highlights the following Monday. This arrangement lasts through the season. In , digital TV operator StarTimes acquired exclusive television rights for Sub-Saharan Africa for 5 years starting from season.
In total, 43 clubs have won the German championship , including titles won before the Bundesliga's inception and those in the East German Oberliga.
FC Nürnberg with 9. The following 12 clubs have won the Bundesliga: No club from former East Germany or Berlin has won the Bundesliga.
Each country's usage is unique and in Germany the practice is to award one star for three titles, two stars for five titles, three stars for 10 titles, and four stars for 20 titles.
The former East German side Dynamo Berlin laid claim to the three stars of a time champion. They petitioned the league to have their DDR-Oberliga titles recognized, but received no reply.
Dynamo eventually took matters into their own hands and emblazoned their jerseys with three stars. This caused some debate given what may be the tainted nature of their championships under the patronage of East Germany's secret police, the Stasi.
The issue also affects other former East German and pre-Bundesliga champions. In November , the DFB allowed all former champions to display a single star inscribed with the number of titles, including all German men's titles since , women's titles since and East German titles.
BFC Dynamo Berlin have not followed this guideline and continue to wear three stars, rather than a single star inscribed with the number Greuther Fürth unofficially display three silver stars for pre-war titles in spite of being in the Bundesliga second division.
These stars are a permanent part of their crest. However, Fürth has to leave the stars out on their jersey. Since June , the following clubs have been officially allowed to wear stars while playing in the Bundesliga.
The number in parentheses is for Bundesliga titles won. In addition, a system of one star designation was adopted for use.
This system is intended to take into account not only Bundesliga titles but also other now defunct national championships. As of July , the following clubs are allowed to wear one star while playing outside the Bundesliga.
The number in parentheses is for total league championships won over the course of German football history, and would be displayed within the star.
Some teams listed here had different names while winning their respective championships, these names are also noted in parentheses.
For the first time in , the Bundesliga was given its own logo to distinguish itself. Der Not gehorchend setzte bei den Verantwortlichen ein Umdenken ein, sodass eine Konsolidierung mit einer damit einhergehenden Verringerung der zur Verfügung stehenden Etats stattfand.
Zu einer Insolvenz eines Bundesligisten kam es trotz der einbrechenden Umsätze im Fernsehgeschäft nicht. Die Vereine nahmen aus recht breit gestreuten Quellen ein: Die in einigen Presseorganen aufgetauchten Tabellen mit der Rangordnung der Etats wurden in Einzelfällen dementiert, da teilweise der Gesamt- und teilweise der Lizenzspieleretat genannt wurde.
So erklärte der 1. FC Köln am August die Angabe für falsch. In der Folgezeit rückten die Vereine der Bundesliga im internationalen Vergleich der Umsatzzahlen nach vorne, ermöglicht durch höhere Einnahmen aus Fernsehverträgen, stetig wachsende Zuschauerzahlen sowie bessere Vermarktung aufgrund der modernen Stadien.
Hierzu gehörten vor allem die Angestellten von Sicherheitsdiensten, Catering-Firmen und Sanitätsdiensten, die während der Bundesligaspiele zum Einsatz kamen.
Die Modernisierung der Trainingsmethoden führt zur Beschäftigung von Ernährungswissenschaftlern und Fitnesstrainern. Durch die wachsenden Serviceangebote kommen weitere Arbeitsplätze hinzu, so in vereinseigenen Reisebüros, in der Kinderbetreuung während der Bundesligaspiele, Museumsleiter oder im Management der Vereinsmaskottchen.
Sie alle waren am ersten Bundesliga-Spieltag im Einsatz. April war Energie Cottbus der erste Bundesliga-Klub, der in seiner Startaufstellung nur ausländische Spieler hatte.
Diese Entwicklung ist einerseits auf den Zerfall des Ostblocks Anfang der er Jahre und andererseits auf das wirtschaftliche Zusammenwachsen Europas zurückzuführen, was dazu führte, dass infolge des Bosman-Urteils die nationalen Verbände gezwungen waren, ihre Restriktionen für die Verpflichtung und Aufstellung von Spielern aus EU-Mitgliedstaaten aufzuheben.
Nachdem in der Bundesliga zunächst lediglich der Einsatz von maximal zwei, später drei Ausländern gestattet war, konnten seit Dezember beliebig viele Spieler aus dem UEFA -Bereich und seit bis zu fünf nichteuropäische Ausländer eingesetzt werden.
Claudio Pizarro ist zudem der Ausländer mit den meisten Bundesligaeinsätzen: Bundesligaspiel, das er für den FC Bayern München bestritt, löste er am Pizarro hat Spiele Stand: Neben ausländischen Spielern waren von Anfang an auch ausländische Trainer in der Bundesliga tätig.
Den ersten Meistertitel gewann der Österreicher Max Merkel mit München, konnte er diesen Erfolg mit dem 1. Damit stellt Österreich die erfolgreichsten ausländischen Bundesligatrainer.
Der international erfolgreichste Vereinstrainer Giovanni Trapattoni konnte in der Bundesliga lediglich die Meisterschaft mit Bayern München erringen.
Louis van Gaal , einer seiner Nachfolger, konnte als erster niederländischer Trainer den deutschen Meistertitel gewinnen und wurde als erster ausländischer Trainer Deutschlands Trainer des Jahres.
McClaren wurde allerdings bereits Anfang Februar wegen Erfolglosigkeit beurlaubt. Darüber hinaus waren bislang keine ausländischen Schiedsrichter in der Bundesliga tätig.
Spielklassenebene Landes- oder Verbandsligen: August Hierarchie 1. Bundesliga startet am Dezember , abgerufen am 5. DFL , abgerufen am Der Spielplan der Bundesligasaison: Süddeutsche Zeitung , Mai , abgerufen am DFL, archiviert vom Original am Mai ; abgerufen am Der Archivlink wurde automatisch eingesetzt und noch nicht geprüft.
Dezember , archiviert vom Original am Februar ; abgerufen am 6. Germany — Championships — Soccer Statistics Foundation , abgerufen am Alemannia Aachen , archiviert vom Original am 1.
Juni ; abgerufen am Schlütersche, Hannover , S. Copress-Verlag, München , S. Oktober , Kicker Almanach Planet Wissen , November , abgerufen am Der Bundesliga-Skandal und seine Folgen.
Als Canellas zur Gartenparty lud. Frankfurter Allgemeine Zeitung , April , abgerufen am Alle deutschen Teams überwintern in Europa.
Hubert Burda Media , 6. Dezember , abgerufen am 9. Dezember , abgerufen am 4. Schalkes Aus besiegelt miese Bilanz.
Sport1 GmbH , Oktober , abgerufen am 1. Mai , abgerufen am 1. Alle Informationen rund um das Dortmunder Stadion. Borussia Dortmund , abgerufen am Süddeutsche Zeitung , 9.
Juli , abgerufen am 3. Olympiastadion Berlin GmbH, archiviert vom Original am August ; abgerufen am 3. FC Schalke 04 , Juli , abgerufen am Statista , abgerufen am 7.
Bundesliga weltweit mit zweithöchstem Zuschauerschnitt. Januar , abgerufen am 4. Januar , archiviert vom Original am Januar ; abgerufen am Die Bundesliga im TV.
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Die Welt , 9. Gunnar Heckmann, abgerufen am Unverhoffter Goldrausch für die Bundesliga. Bundesliga aussichtslos im Hintertreffen. Januar , abgerufen am Von Lizenzen und Schmerzgrenzen: Bundeszentrale für politische Bildung , 9.
September im Internet Archive , So gucken Sie in Amerika Bundesliga. August , abgerufen am 3. Wie Günter Mast die Trikotwerbung einklagte.
Oktober , abgerufen am Juni , abgerufen am 1. Indeed wird neuer Eintracht-Hauptsponsor , kicker. Juni , abgerufen am August , abgerufen am Der Ruhm, der Traum und das Geld.
Die Geschichte von Borussia Dortmund. Oktober , abgerufen am 2. Yahoo und Eurosport , Juli , archiviert vom Original am 3.
Manager Magazin , Soccer Statistics Foundation, Dezember , abgerufen am September , abgerufen am August , abgerufen am 7. Hoffenheims Kevin Volland trifft nach neun Sekunden.
Titsch-Rivero sieht nach 43 Sekunden die Rote Karte. Kicker-Sportmagazin, abgerufen am 1. Hertha BSC , abgerufen am 1.
Bundesliga for the first time, and win it. Fourth place went to Munich, one point behind Offenbach, but the club found itself relegated after the DFB refused it a licence for the following season.
This decision kept 17th placed SG Wattenscheid 09 , the best-placed team on a relegation rank, in the league. Bayer Uerdingen, in third place, won promotion through the play-offs for a third time, this time overcoming the previous seasons 2.
Bundesliga champions FC Schalke Schalke bounced back immediately, coming second behind Karlsruher SC in — At the other end, Rot-Weiss Essen, after having failed to win promotion to the Bundesliga through the play-offs twice from the 2.
Bundesliga, was relegated to amateur football that season. FC Nürnberg took out the championship of the single division 2. Bundesliga for the first time in , with Hannover 96 coming second.
FC Saarbrücken also won promotion courtesy to a 2—0 home win over Arminia Bielefeld after a draw away. Kickers Offenbach, freshly relegated from the Bundesliga came only 19th in the 2.
Bundesliga, suffered another relegation, as did another former Bundesliga side, FC St. Pauli, having returned to the league for the first time after having had its licence revoked in The league champions were FC 08 Homburg , also promoted to the Bundesliga for the first time.
Arguably one of the most famous play-off contests in 2. Bundesliga history however were the games between third placed Fortuna Köln and Borussia Dortmund.
Köln won 2—0 at home, followed by a 3—1 for Dortmund, making a third game necessary as the away goal rule did not apply to the Bundesliga versus 2.
Bundesliga play-offs at the time. This third game was won 8—0 by Borussia Dortmund in front of 50, in neutral Düsseldorf. In the relegation zone MSV Duisburg followed the two Berlin clubs into amateur football as a third former Bundesliga side that season.
Pauli, freshly promoted from amateur football again, missed out by a goal in the play-offs against FC Homburg. At the bottom end Eintracht Braunschweig became another former Bundesliga side and champion to drop into the third division.
Pauli ended a ten-year wait for Bundesliga return in when it finished runners-up to Stuttgarter Kickers who were promoted to the Bundesliga for the first time.
Third placed SV Darmstadt 98 missed out on penalties in the deciding third game against SV Waldhof Mannheim after each side had won their home game by a goal.
Fortuna Düsseldorf won the league championship in —89, with two clubs from the Saarland coming second and third, FC Homburg and 1. Saarbrücken however was unable to overcome Eintracht Frankfurt in the later club's second successful play-off defence of its Bundesliga place.
SpVgg Bayreuth finished 17th again but was again spared from relegation when Kickers Offenbach was refused a licence.
Also relegated were Union Solingen after 14 consecutive seasons in the league. Bundesliga football after games for Alemannia Aachen in the league from to , a record for any player with a single club in the league.
Bundesliga title, followed up by SG Wattenscheid 09, who entered the Bundesliga for the first time. FC Saarbrücken failed in the play-offs for a second consecutive time when it missed out to VfL Bochum , thereby ensuring a Bochum derby in the Bundesliga between VfL and Wattenscheid for the following season.
In the relegation zone SpVgg Bayreuth failed to get reprieved for a third consecutive season and dropped into amateur football, as did Alemannia Aachen , a founding member of the 2.
Bundesliga who had played all 16 seasons of the league until then. The tenth season of the single division 2.
Bundesliga was to be the last in its current format for a time as the German reunion in lead to changes to the league after this season.
Pauli three times to earn promotion, the first two contests having ended 1—1 while Stuttgart won the third 3—1.
FC Schweinfurt 05 in last place became one of the worst clubs in the league history when it only won two games all season.
In the —92 season, the league was expanded to 24 teams in two regional divisions, north and south, to accommodate six new East German clubs which joined the league that season.
The East German clubs were spread very uneven, with one going to the north and five to the south, caused by the geographic location of those clubs.
Only the league champions were promoted to the Bundesliga that year, which were Bayer Uerdingen in the north and 1.
FC Saarbrücken in the south. The bottom three in each division were relegated, three of which were from former East Germany. Bundesliga after their licence was revoked in At the end of this season the league returned to the single division format, but with still 24 clubs as its strength.
The —93 season was a momentous one, with 24 teams competing in a single league and each club playing 46 games. Three clubs were promoted directly, as would be the case from then on until , with the play-offs having been abolished.
SC Freiburg won the league and promotion for the first time. Seven clubs were relegated from the league to reduce its strength to 20 clubs again from the following season.
Promoted were VfL Bochum, Bayer Uerdingen and Munich, which had just won promotion from the third division the year before and returned to the Bundesliga for the first time since At the bottom end, five clubs were relegated, four of those former Bundesliga sides and the fifth one, Carl Zeiss Jena , from former East Germany.
The league level below the 2. Bundesliga was changed profoundly in with the Oberligas replaced by the new Regionalligas, which allowed for direct promotion to the 2.
Bundesliga for the first time since The league itself was now reduced to 18 clubs with no play-offs, three promoted and four relegated teams, a system it would maintain until , when the play-offs were re-introduced.
Hansa Rostock won the 2. Bundesliga for the first time in and FC St. Pauli and Fortuna Düsseldorf followed it up to the Bundesliga. FC Saarbrücken accompanied it.
The later, despite finishing seventh, had its licence revoked, thereby sparing FSV Zwickau from relegation. The —96 season saw VfL Bochum win the league again with second placed Arminia Bielefeld winning promotion straight after having been promoted from the Regionalliga the year before.
FC Kaiserslautern and Eintracht Frankfurt had suffered their first-ever relegation from the Bundesliga in The former won the league and bounced back immediately while Frankfurt remained at this level for another season.
Kaiserslautern would also become the first and only club to win the Bundesliga as a freshly promoted side the following year. FC Nürnberg, freshly returned from the Regionalliga, came third.
At the bottom end VfB Leipzig was one of three clubs from the east to be relegated, alongside SV Meppen , which dropped out of the league after eleven consecutive seasons there.
The —99 season saw the 1. FC Köln in the league for the first time, having been relegated from the Bundesliga after 35 consecutive seasons there from the start of the league in Köln only managed to come tenth, while the league was won by Arminia Bielefeld.
In —01, the league was won by 1. FC Nürnberg once again, with Borussia Mönchengladbach earning promotion back to the Bundesliga after a two-year absence.
Pauli was the third promoted team. SSV Ulm , freshly relegated from the Bundesliga, finished the season in 16th place and became insolvent.
FC Nürnberg and Arminia Bielefeld earned another one of their many promotions while third placed 1. FSV Mainz 05 was a newcomer to the Bundesliga.
In second place Alemannia Aachen returned to the Bundesliga for the first time since Relegated that year were Dynamo Dresden , former East German power house, after a two-year stint in the league.
Landgraf had played a record 2. The —09 season saw the return of play-offs. The third placed team in the 2. Bundesliga now played the 16th placed team in the Bundesliga for a spot in that league.
At the other end of the table, the 16th placed 2. Bundesliga side would now also play the third placed team in the new 3.
Liga , which had replaced the Regionalliga as the third division. SC Freiburg and 1. FSV Mainz 05 were directly promoted that season while 1.
At the relegation end, VfL Osnabrück lost its 2.